The term "Ayurveda" is emanated from two components ie, 'Ayush' as 'life' and 'Veda' as 'Science' and thus literally, Ayurveda is the science of life.
Ayurveda is based on the principle that the human body is made up of five basic elements: "Panchabhootha", namely, Prithvi (earth), Jala (Water), Theja (Fire), Vayu (Air) and Akasha (Ether). The science also states that the Panchabhootha is governed by three doshas or negatives, Vatha, Pitha and Kapha. Ayurveda treatments are designed and formulated to give a perfect balance of three doshas and to maintain their equilibrium.
There are various treatment methods of Ayurveda. In Kerala, the mainstay of Ayurveda treatment is Panchakarma. A wide variety of ailments and diseases and treated through Panchakarma.